Tuesday, December 18, 2018

Diversity: The Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How

A specter is haunting America--the specter of Diversity.

Diversity has become the most important movement of our time, infusing evert aspect of social, educational, economic, and political life.

From a modest beginning of Affirmative Action and early Feminism a half-century ago to "Hey, hey, ho, ho, Western Culture's got to go" to the Rainbow Coalition to Diversity encompassing Inclusion, Equity, Respect, Social Justice, Inequality, Intersectionality, LGBTQ+, People of Color, Underrepresented Minorities, First Generation Low Income, and on and on and on.

Diversity and its derivatives have been growing exponentially.  Every institution in America now employs Diversity supervisors, managers, trainers, consultants, and facilitators.  What was a cottage industry of Affirmative Action and Feminism proponents in the 1960s is now a huge industry of Diversity professionals and organizations.  To paraphrase the Old Testament:  They multiply and prosper.

In truth, it was only a matter of time until Diversity took hold in American life.  It's a matter-of-fact response to the historical and demographic changes of the United States.
   
Racial and Ethnic Demographics of the United States, 1940-2060
Percent
Year White Hispanic Black Asian Mixed
1940 88.3 1.5 9.8 0.2
1950 87.5 2.1 10.0 0.2
1960 85.4 3.2 10.5 0.5
1970 83.5 4.4 11.1 0.8
1980 79.8 6.4 11.7 1.5
1990 75.6 9.0 12.1 2.9
2000 69.1 12.5 12.3 3.8 2.4
2010 63.7 18.3 12.6 4.9 2.9
2020 59.7 19.1 13.4 5.9 2.9
2030 55.5 21.9 13.7 6.6 3.6
2040 51.0 25.0 14.1 7.4 4.4
2050 46.6 27.9 14.4 8.0 5.4
2060 42.6 30.6 14.7 8.5 6.4           

Notes.  Figures for 2020-2060 are Census Estimates.
White refers to Non-Hispanic Whites.
Asians includes Pacific Islanders.
Remainder (not displayed) includes American Indians, Eskimos and Aleuts.

In the twelve decades encompassing 1940-2060, based on Census projections, Non-Hispanic Whites will have fallen by more than half, from 88.3% to 42.8%, as a percentage of the U.S. population, while "minorities will have almost quintupled, from 11.7% to 57.4%.

In 2017, the Non-Hispanic White fertility rate was 1.64, Black 1.76, and Hispanic 2.05.  Hispanics are reproducing more rapidly than the rest of the population.

In the seven years encompassing 2010-2016, the United States accrued 7,377,913 immigrants.  Of these, only 8.2% came from Europe.  The Americas, almost entirely Hispanic, contributed 40.5%, East and Southeast Asia 26.7%, North Africa and West/Central Asia 9.2%, and Sub-Saharan Africa 7.9%.  These trends contribute to the increasing percentage of non-Whites in population projections.

What was an 80-90% White country from its founding in 1780 to about 1950 has since become a multi-ethnic/racial country.

Diversity is demography, plain and simple.  It's no accident that every organization and institution in the U.S. already reflects, or will soon reflect, this reality.

What does demographic change portend?  The answer to this question will be taken up in a series of posts to follow.

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